"Obedience out of love is joy."
So you know what I don’t get? Why people repeat words. (x)
Grammar time: it’s called “contrastive reduplication,” and it’s a form of intensification that is relatively common. Finnish does a very similar thing, and others use near-reduplication (rhyme-based) to intensify, like Hungarian (pici ‘tiny’, ici-pici ‘very tiny’).
Even the typologically-distant group of Bantu languages utilize reduplication in a strikingly similar fashion with nouns: Kinande oku-gulu ‘leg’, oku-gulu-gulu ‘a REAL leg’ (Downing 2001, includes more with verbal reduplication as well).
I suppose the difficult aspect of English reduplication is not through this particular type, but the fact that it utilizes many other types of reduplication: baby talk (choo-choo, no-no), rhyming (teeny-weeny, super-duper), and the ever-famous “shm” reduplication: fancy-schmancy (a way of denying the claim that something is fancy).
screams my professor was trying to find an example of reduplication so the next class he came back and said “I FOUND REDUPLICATION IN ENGLISH” and then he said “Milk milk” and everyone was just “what?” and he said “you know when you go to a coffee shop and they ask if you want soy milk and you say ‘no i want milk milk’” and everyone just had this collective sigh of understanding.
Another name for this particular construction is contrastive focus reduplication, and there’s a famous linguistics paper about it which is commonly known as the Salad Salad Paper. You know, because if you want to make it clear that you’re not talking about pasta salad or potato salad, you might call it “salad salad”. The repetition indicates that you’re intending the most prototypical meaning of the word, like green salad or cow’s milk, even though other things can be considered types of salad or milk.
(Source: gifmethat, via hopefullyphd)
*likes a post of some cool thing to remind me to buy when I have more money*
*never looks through likes*
*never has money*
#still a favorite restuarant
Pancakes! They’re just as useful as they are delicious! Follow along as we improve your every day problems with some handy
Flaphack #1: Got a wobbly table? Throw some flapjacks under that thing, baby! Boom! Problem solved!
what the f*ck dennys
Oh man, I’ll follow Denny’s REAL quick.
"There’s a special place in my heart for the ones who were with me at my lowest and still loved me when I wasn’t very loveable."
does anyone else ever get through most of their shower and forget where they are in their routine? What I’m saying is I took an hour and a half long shower and washed my body two and a quarter times.
YES. I can’t stand it when I lose track of my routine. Then I have to repeat steps just to make sure I didn’t miss anything.
Soak for at least 3 minutes (this step is never skipped)
Scrub body (shave when needed during this step)
Wash face (exfoliate when needed)
Rinse out conditioner
Sometimes I end up daydreaming & washing my face like, “Have I even washed my hair yet?!?!”
I’m not sure why this is but my dad & I can talk for hours about almost any subject. We’ve done it before & we did it again tonight. We were almost saying goodnight to each other when we started up a conversation that lasted almost 3 hours. Then we finally manage to get upstairs so we can get our sleepy selves into bed, & I remember something I haven’t told him yet so we stop at the top of the stairs & discuss that for like another 30 minutes!
In short, I love my dad. <3 And I love our talks. I’m so grateful for him. Thank God for my dad.
Giant’s Causeway by Jim Richardson [x] [x]
“The Giant’s Causeway features octagonal volcanic shafts that reach out into the Celtic Sea near Bushmills on the Antrim Coast of northern Ireland. Long ago it was a central site of Celtic legends. The prime tale is that a giant built the causeway to unite him with his lover in Scotland, who lived in Staffa, the island off Iona that has similar dramatic blocks.”
<3 Missing Ireland! <3 By far, my favorite place ever.
(Source: jimrichardsonphotography.com, via adwatts)